Sustainable Bioeconomy – Manifold Opportunities for mankind and Economy

illustration sustainable bioeconomy in industrial and urban areas

With the help of a sustainable bioeconomy, our economy, which is currently still based on the consumption of fossil raw materials, will transform into a sustainable and circular economy. In a sustainable bioeconomy, many aspects from different disciplines complement each other.

The Ministry of the Environment, Climate Protection and the Energy Sector Baden-Württemberg supports the transition to a sustainable bioeconomy in the federate state through initiatives in the areas of climate and resource protection, air and water pollution control, the circular economy and cascade use – i. e. the use of a raw material over several stages with the aim of recycling it as completely as possible. In this way, the federate state also wants to create and demonstrate innovative possibilities for sustainable management.

Primary goal: recovering valuable raw materials and returning them to the economic cycle

The focus is on industrial and urban areas in Baden-Württemberg. The primary goal is to recover valuable raw materials from waste, wastewater and other residual materials and to return them to the economic cycle. The networking of the diverse economic and social areas also plays an important role. In the sense of "closing the loops", the recycled and recovered valuable materials are to be made available again to urban, industrial and rural areas.

The concept of a sustainable bioeconomy is often also linked with economic benefits for companies. Thanks to interrelated value chains and their digitalisation, costs are saved and innovative products can be marketed.

Good for mankind and climate

The sustainable bioeconomy in industrial and urban areas Provides benefits or mankind and climate. Resources are used very efficiently and the climate gas carbon dioxide (CO2) can be removed from the atmosphere and utilized as resource. The reduced use of chemicals that are hazardous to health in many areas of the economy benefits man in the process.

Intelligent approaches

Bioeconomy Baden-Württemberg: Illustration Bio-Ab-Cycling
  • ERDF Programme Baden-Württemberg 2021 – 2027 – Bioeconomy


With ”Ab-cycling” raw materials are recovered from waste and wastewater. With the ERDF funding programme Bio-Ab-Cycling, the Ministry of the Environment is promoting pilot and demonstration plants related to bio-up-cycling.

bioeconomy: Illustration to CO2-recycling-CCUBIO
  • Carbon dioxide as a resource


CO2 can be recovered from the atmosphere or from the exhaust air of industrial plants and made available again as a raw material for various applications, for example in the chemical industry.

Bioökonomie Baden-Württemberg: Illustration Biomining
  • Recovering valuable inorganic raw materials


In so-called "biomining", biological processes can be used to extract inorganic substances, i. e. metals (gold, rare earths), from electronic scrap or ashes.

Nachhaltige Bioökonomie: Icon für Green Clean

"Green Clean - How To Remove Oils and Greases from Surfaces"

Bacterial metabolism can be used to efficiently degrease components or tools, for example. This surface cleaning by bacterial degradation of fats is called “Green Clean”. Not only are the parts degreased, but at the same time energy and resources are saved and the environment is protected.

Nachhaltige Bioökonomie: Icon für Bioschmierstoffe
  • Publication

Biomimetics – nature as a technical model

Modern and innovative biomimetics have ecological advantages and save costs. They can be used in engines, transmissions, hydraulic systems, shock absorbers and in many other components. They are an example of bioeconomy, the industrial use of renewable raw materials and residues.

Biomimetic – nature as a technical model

With the help of biomimetic, "best practice" solutions from nature are transferred to technical products and processes and the material and energy input is optimised. Well-known examples are the lotus effect, according to which self-cleaning surfaces are produced, or lightweight constructions copied from diatoms. Low-noise fans modelled on the wing of an owl and low-resistance surfaces modelled on sharkskin are also examples of innovative bionic products.