Climate change poses a massive threat to our way of life. An unchecked increase in worldwide CO2 emissions would lead to increased warming of 1.4 to 5.8 °C by the year 2100, along with serious consequences for man and nature.
The contribution of Baden-Württemberg to worldwide greenhouse emissions is approximately 0.3 per cent. This means that our region has an above-average contribution to climate change. The regional government of Baden-Württemberg sees in this a particular responsibility to act, and therefore has set specific goals for the reduction of greenhouse gases in a Climate Protection Act.
Act Governing the Mitigation of Climate Change in Baden-Württemberg
The "Act Governing the Mitigation of Climate Change in Baden-Württemberg" came into force in August 2013. It states that the CO2 emissions for the state must be reduced by at least 25 per cent by 2020 and by 90 per cent by 2050 (compared to 1990).
The Act also requires a state-wide adaptation strategy to be drawn up to limit the unavoidable effects of climate change. Even if success is achieved in the fight against climate change, wide-reaching ecological and economic consequences are to be expected. We must therefore take precautions in time.
The function of the public authorities to serve as a role model and the general obligation of each individual to contribute as far as possible to the realisation of the climate protection objectives are further elements of the Act.
Integrated Energy and Climate Protection Plan
To achieve the climate protection goals, the state government has developed an integrated energy and climate protection plan (IEKK). It contains specific strategies and measures and makes clear what can and should be done in the coming years. The integrated energy and climate protection plan takes into account all significant sources of greenhouse gases. Therefore in addition to electricity and heat it also covers the areas of traffic, land use and material flows. All of the departments of state government contribute in their activities to the achievement of the stated objectives.
The integrated energy and climate protection plan is the conceptual basis for energy and climate policy in Baden-Württemberg (paragraph 6 of the Climate Protection Act for Baden-Württemberg).
Further development of the Climate Protection Act
In the coalition agreement 2016 - 2021, it was agreed to update the Climate Protection Act of Baden-Württemberg with regard to ambitious targets for 2030 and the optimisation of the steering effect. The Ministry of the Environment, in consultation with the responsible ministries, has therefore initially drawn up key points for the further development of the Act.
These are eight cornerstones that outline the main issues for amending the Climate Protection Act. In particular, they contain a state climate protection target for 2030, regulations to strengthen the implementation of the Act and central instruments to promote climate protection in the heating sector.
On 21 May 2019, the Cabinet adopted these eight cornerstones for the further development of the Climate Protection Act. The cornerstones are to be implemented mainly in the revised Climate Protection Act. A draft bill to amend the Climate Protection Act is currently being drafted and the parliamentary procedure is being prepared.
The individual measures with which the climate protection objectives are to be achieved at state level are to be anchored in the integrated energy and climate protection plan (IEKK), which will also be updated.