With the help of the bioeconomy, our economy, which is primarily based on the consumption of fossil raw materials, is to transform into a sustainable and circular economy. Various technologies, in which organisms, their components, metabolic performance and metabolic products, but also biogenic waste, are used to help consume less fossil raw materials or to replace them entirely. The use of chemicals can also be reduced or avoided entirely. The opportunities of the bioeconomy for sustainable development in Baden-Württemberg are many:
Biomass production and use in agriculture, forestry and aqua economy:
There are opportunities here through the sustainable cultivation of biomass, for example in organic farming, especially for rural regions.
Biowaste and biogenic by-products as raw materials:
The potential use in industrial processes in particular creates new opportunities for
- More energy efficiency (for example bacteria that generate electricity directly from wastewater, as in the Re-Power project at the University of Freiburg) or
- Lower environmental pollution (for example in the production of biogas or surface cleaning through bacterial degradation of the fats).
These ecological advantages are often associated with an economic benefit for companies. You save costs and can market innovative products.
Use of the metabolic performance of plants, animals and microorganisms:
Metabolic performance of living beings not only serves to build up biomass (for example via photosynthesis), but also contributes to energy and material savings in many cases (for example degreasing surfaces by bacterial degradation of fats). The scarce raw material phosphorus can now be obtained from the biomass of sewage sludge.
Bionics – nature as a technical model:
With the help of bionics, "best-practice" solutions from nature are transferred to technical products and processes and the material and energy consumption is optimized. Well-known examples are the lotus effect, on the principle of which self-cleaning surfaces are produced, or lightweight constructions copied from diatoms (diatoms). (Biomimetics Competence Network)
The Ministry of the Environment, Climate Protection and the Energy Sector deals with the topic of bioeconomy under the aspects of climate and resource protection, air and water pollution control, the circular economy and cascade use as well as new potentials for sustainable management. In order to develop the topic further and to bundle initiatives, the state government has developed a state strategy “Sustainable Bioeconomy”.